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Racing At The Jersey Shore

The Legendary 1973 Whitney Handicap

It was 1973 and Secretariat was on his way to racing immortality, having just captured the first Triple Crown since Citation in 1948.  The Meadow Stable star would go on to win three Eclipse awards that year: his second Horse of the Year title, best three year old colt, and top grass runner. Secretariat’s loss in the 1973 Whitney Handicap added to the legend of Saratoga as the “Graveyard of Champions” and catapulted trainer H. Allen Jerkens’ reputation as “The Giant Killer”.
Secretariat is ranked number 1 in the HRN Top Thoroughbreds of All-Time.
Prior to the running of The Whitney, NYRA, Phillip Morris Company, and the CBS television network struck a deal to create the Marlboro Cup, a race to be run at Belmont on September 15th, with Secretariat as the star attraction.  The promoters saw the race as a publicity stop on the way to their big event.
During the month of July, some said Secretariat had lost weight and was not training well.  In Bill Nack’s Making of a Champion, he wrote about the concerns: “Turcotte (Jockey Ron) kept telling friends privately that the colt was not himself—his workouts through July were the least impressive of his entire career.”
There was tremendous pressure for Secretariat to be in the 46th running of The Whitney. His final workout went in :48-1 and was one of the slowest of his career.
Jerkens decided to run Onion in The Whitney because, “We thought it was a small field and we probably had a chance to be in the money.”
On August 4, 1973, a record crowd of 30,119 gathered at Saratoga. The Secretariat fans bet heavily and made him the 1-10 favorite with Onion as the 5-1 second choice, and the outcome has become legend.
Onion’s victory over Secretariat is best described by Jerkens: “He was a much better horse than anyone gave him credit for.  In fact four days before beating Secretariat he broke the track record here (Saratoga) going six and a half furlongs and now a days nobody would let you do it.  They would think you were nuts, but he did it. And he went right into the race and he was very good and he was very well ridden (by Hall of Famer Jacinto Vasquez) and he caught Secretariat going the wrong way a little bit.”
Jerkens gave Vasquez credit for the victory: “We thought he would go to the front because Onion was a sprinter and we knew the rail was not too good so he stayed off the rail and kind of enticed Secretariat to come inside of him and then he moved over little by little and made it tighter on him.  He rode a brilliant race on the horse, that’s for sure.”
After the race there was debate about the upset of Secretariat. Was the loss Turcottes fault? Why had the horse’s training been so inconsistent?  Later it came out that Secretariat had a low-grade fever on the day of the race, but that with all of the hype the Meadow Stable connections felt that they had to run him and that he probably could win anyway. Big Red continued to run a fever for several days after the defeat.
The 1973 Whitney has become the signature upset victory for “The Giant Killer” Allen Jerkens, but that was only one of his great wins. His horses beat Kelso three times; Forego, Riva Ridge, and Buckpasser each once; as well as Secretariat for a second time.
The 1973 Whitney has helped Saratoga earn the title of “The Graveyard of Champions”. Don’t forget that at the Spa in 1920, Man O' War was beaten for the only time in his career by the horse Upset; in 1930, Triple Crown winner Gallant Fox was defeated by a 100-1 shot named Jim Dandy. Where does Secretariat’s loss in The Whitney rank with the greatest upsets in horse racing history?


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Older Comments about The Legendary 1973 Whitney Handicap...

he still did well for running a fever! onion is a great horse as well
zxswordxz, In the Wood Memorial and in the Whitney there were financial issues that seemed to cloud decison making. At the time of the Wood it was Secretariat's breeding syndication and at Whitney time it was the Marlboro Cup.
What I don't understand is why the owner and trainer didn't take a keen interest in the horse health to know he wasn't himself. In all three W's race the horse had problems and no one pick it up. Wood Memorial(Abscess), Whitney(Fever) & Woodward(Runny Stools-Stomach Problem) Was the vet's that bad in those days?
Very nice article. This was definitely one of those "upsets of a lifetime." But, it happens at least once to almost all of the great ones - Man O'War, Zenyatta, and, yes, Secretariat!
It was the biggest upset of my lifetime. Secretariat had an aura after the Belmont, and for him to lose to Onion was unthinkable. Like Jerkens said though, Onion was a very good older horse, but he will forever be remembered as the nobody who shocked the mighty Secretariat at Saratoga.
Author's Note: I remember sitting in front of the TV watching the 1973 Whitney, the whole time thinking, 'When is Secretariat going to make his move and blow by Onion?' It was shocking to me that he could lose. Over the years it was interesting to learn more and more about what happened to Secretariat that day.

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In the 70’s I was another one of those kids that went to the track with their fathers, and I immediately became enthralled with the excitement and challenges of handicapping.  And then the charisma and dominance of Secretariat gave me a hero to follow. To this day, I still get emotional when I hear Chic Anderson’s call of the 1973 Belmont, “Secretariat is moving like a tremendous machine”.

There have been many great horses run at the shore. In 1976 I watched Majestic Light win the Monmouth Invitational, now the Haskell, in track record time, defeating Honest Pleasure, the big favorite who was in from New York.  This was one of my first big wins at the track.
In the 80’s, as a disciple of Andy Beyer, I made my own speed figures because they were not available to the public. Needless to say I visited Monmouth frequently to test out the “figs”.
The 90’s allowed me to learn about the backstretch as a part owner of a few claimers that were stabled at Philadelphia Park.  Not a typical owner, I mucked stalls, cooled out the horses, and watched morning works.  Also, I met my wife and discovered that her grandfather bred, owned, and raced thoroughbreds on the West Virginia, Maryland circuit.  Today our office is decorated with winner’s circle pictures and a vast collection of Kentucky Derby glasses.
Today’s electronic age makes it so easy to gather information about racing.  I hope you use this blog to learn about Racing at the Jersey Shore.


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