Photo by H.S. Dinet
By Max Dinet
Flamingo pink with white stars, how crazy. It seems like an arbitrary
combination, but in fact it has a very specific purpose and a heritage
that dates back to the early dawn of horse racing. We all know and love
the sight of the jockey silks. They're almost as fun as the huge hats of
the Kentucky Derby, but very little is ever discussed about their
origins and heritage.
The tradition of jockey silks was founded out of a necessity. Some of
the earliest recorded horse races date back to the 1100s, and the first
mention of silks is said to be around 1515 when Henry VIII was king.
However it was later in the 17th and 18 centuries that it was more
Early on, there weren't nearly as many racers as there were now. The
older races were often much longer with some up to 4 miles. With fewer
participants in the races, and longer distances there were not nearly as
many close races to call, so it was easy to tell who was who, and more
importantly who won.
As racing became more and more popular, more horse owners threw their
names in the proverbial hat. Around the mid to late 1700's there was a
need for a way to differentiate between the horses for both the fans and
officials. This change was fraught with troubles as well, because the
jockeys often changed the colors they wore, further adding a layer of
confusion. A meeting was finally held, and the Jockey Club made a
decision that each of the registered jockeys would be held to one color
for easier identification. In the beginning, the colors were all solid,
with a black cap. It has even been said that some racers would use a
family coat of arms to further differentiate between other racers. Now
the patterns, images, and colors we see today are often carefully chosen
so they appear unique from other owners.
While the silks are often referred to as "jockey silks" they seldom
have to do with a particular jockey. The vast majority of silks are
owned by a stable or a horse owner, and are registered in that
organizations name. It is not unusual for a retiring owner to put their
silk colors up for auction. Solid colored silks are some of the most
sought after because there is often a long history associated with them
and can go for a hefty sum.
Today, in The Jockey Club there are about 28,000 different registered
silks, all unique from one another to represent each stable or owner.
The silks are now made of synthetic material like nylon to make them
more aerodynamic for the best racing performance. Additionally, each
state's racing association may have different rules associated with the
registration of silks, such as certain patterns or images.
Max Dinet is the head editor of Angle Light Media, a company that focuses on the stories of Thoroughbred Horse Racing. He also produces Chasing the Triple Crown, a podcast that covers the road to the Kentucky Derby. Finally, Max is a craft beer enthusiast and produces and co-hosts the podcast Beers, Beards, & Bastards, a comedic look at craft beer.